Colon and rectal cancer, popularly known as “colorectal cancer” is any cancer that develops in the colon or rectum. The colon is also referred to as the largest intestine, while the rectum is located at the end of the colon; both organs exist in the lower part of the digestive system. Colorectal cancer grows in stages and these stages progress to the most mature stage known as stage four.
Research by John Hopkins University points to a growing prevalence of colorectal cancer in young persons, but the exact causes are yet to be discovered1. While researchers are still studying the causes of colorectal cancer, a list of risk factors has been identified:
Early identification of this cancer makes it easier to treat and cure, as a person may go on to live without colorectal cancer for a long time after the diagnosis. If cancer doesn’t return the following 5 years, the individual will be viewed as cured. Diagnosis of colorectal cancer is made based on the symptoms manifested by individuals, and by performing a progression of tests to check for possible causes of the symptoms.
Treating colorectal cancer depends on the healthiness of the individual and the stage of cancer. Treatment approaches include:
Medical Management: Working with a treatment plan which will include medication and follow-up checks as advised and directed by the doctor.
Surgery: At an early stage, surgery will involve the removal of cancerous polyps to prevent the other walls of the bowels from being infected. Removal of a portion of the colon or rectum and neighboring lymph nodes is done if cancer has infected the walls of the bowels.
Chemotherapy: This involves using drugs to kill the cancerous cells after the surgery has been conducted.
Some risk factors such as age and family history cannot be prevented. However, some others can be curtailed by reducing the intake of alcohol and processed foods, engaging in regular physical activities, taking multivitamins, and eating more vegetables, fruits, and whole grains.
For people living with type 2 diabetes, efficient management of the condition through blood glucose monitoring is very vital. This can be conveniently achieved using the Accu-chek glucose meter.
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